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Multiple Sclerosis is a type of demyelinating disease, a disease in which the nervous system is damaged by the deterioration of the outer layer of the neurons, called myelin. This phenomenon affects the transmission of the nerve impulses between neurons, which results in a variety of symptoms of multiple sclerosis, which may impair the sufferer to a certain degree. These symptoms may vary from physical, psychiatric and even mental issues. Specific symptoms of multiple sclerosis include double vision, weak muscles, and blindness in one or both eyes, difficulties with coordination or difficulties with sensations. Patients with multiple sclerosis usually experience one or more symptoms, in some cases these episodes being isolated. Between these episodes, the symptoms usually disappear completely. Nevertheless, the condition continues to develop, leaving permanent neurological damage, as the nerves continue to deteriorate. Up until the present time, the exact cause of multiple sclerosis remains unknown, but many think that it is caused by an immune response which causes the body to attack the myelin cells, or the failure of those cells to regenerate. There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis, which leaves the sufferers to manage their condition with drugs that work on a relative level.
Multiple Sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease in which the myelin, a layer of the neurons is damaged. The causes of this phenomenon are yet to be determined, but specialists think that a series of variables, starting with geographic coordinates, genetic factors and infectious diseases may trigger the development and evolution of the condition. More prevalent in women than in men, the disease is more frequent farther from the Equator. However, this is not a pattern to follow in determining the exact causes of multiple sclerosis. Infections with the human herpes virus seem to be associated with the debut of MS. In terms of treatment, the costs associated with a suitable management therapy are high, while all medications used up until the present time seem to have severe side-effects. An association of physical, mental and psychological symptoms and imaging are the frequently used diagnosis methods. The symptoms are severe and worsen over time, as MS’s evolution cannot be stopped.
Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
Multiple sclerosis is ranked as one of the most common autoimmune disorders of the central nervous system. By 2016, more than two million people were diagnosed with multiple sclerosis worldwide. In the same year, just about 19.000 people died from multiple sclerosis. The condition usually starts to manifest around the age of 20 or 40, and women seem to be more prone to develop it. Currently, specialists in the medical field and leading companies in the pharmaceutical industry are trying to develop new diagnosis and management therapies. However, a cure is yet to be discovered. In terms of symptoms, multiple sclerosis is quite an unpredictable disease. The symptoms vary from individual to individual, but they mainly revolve around the deterioration of various functions.
Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis
The diagnosis methods used to identify the presence of multiple sclerosis is a combination of the presence of the symptoms above and a series of imaging and laboratory tests. Confirming the diagnosis can be difficult, especially at early signs of onset. With initial development similar to dementia or Alzheimer’s the early stage of MS can be problematic to diagnose. One of the most commonly used methods of diagnosis is the McDonald criteria, a mix of laboratory and imaging tests, showing signs of MS at different times, in different areas of the brain. The McDonald criteria are a non-invasive method of diagnosis. However, in certain cases there might be requested and autopsy or biopsy of the damaged area of the brain. In most of the cases, clinical data is enough to determine the presence of MS in a patient, especially after an episode. The most common diagnosis methods are as it follows.
The multiple sclerosis causes remain unknown, but it is believed that a blend of genetic and environmental factors. Infections are thought to be one of the agents that can lead to MS. However, a certain cause of multiple sclerosis is yet to be determined, as specialists are tirelessly trying to combine data into a potential explanation. However, there have been identified some potential factors that may lead this condition.
Specialists differentiate several progression patterns of multiple sclerosis, or simply put, types of multiple sclerosis.
Multiple sclerosis has no known cure. However, certain management therapies are available for the sufferers. The main purposes of the known management therapies for multiple sclerosis are preventing disability, recovering from an attack and preventing further attacks. Depending on the types of attacks of each MS patient, there has been outlined a treatment for multiple sclerosis, but like any other medical therapy, almost all of these have side effects.
Generally, those suffering from multiple sclerosis have a reserved prognosis to a normal life. The prognosis for multiple sclerosis depends strongly on the patient’s sex, age, development, type of sclerosis they have and level of disability caused by the condition. However, specialists are never optimistic when it comes to MS. The life expectancy in multiple sclerosis is about 30 years from the moment the first symptoms appear. The patient will, however, experience a degrading development of their health. Approximately 40% of the patients with MS will comfortably reach and pass the age of 70.
Certain wellness strategies have been proven to improve the life of the patients with MS. Living with multiple sclerosis means that the patient must pay increased attention to their diet and exercise habits, as well as their cognitive health.
Multiple sclerosis is a condition without a cure. However, certain management therapies and adaptation actions can be taken in order to improve the quality of life and to decrease the side effects of the medication administered. Although no certain cause can be linked to the condition’s debut or development, certain variables seem to trigger the condition. Infectious diseases, geography and a genetic predisposition seem to accentuate the chances of developing MS at a point in time.